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Verbs in English: table of irregular verbs


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Teachers of the English language affirm that 70% of the use of verbs in this language falls to the share of irregular (irregular verbs or verbs-exceptions). Consequently, memorization and correct use of different forms of verbs is of great importance in the process of learning English.

Mechanical memorization is practicing, as a result, after a couple of days, the most part of the learned will be forgotten. But, as philologists joke, it is necessary to teach "irregular verbs correctly".

Table of the most common irregular verbs

infinitive simple past past participle
be was/were been
I am I was I have been
he is he was he has been
we are we were we have been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bet* bet bet
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
freeze froze frozen
get got got, gotten (amer.eng)
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie** lay lain
light* lit lit
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shake shook shaken
steal stole stolen
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show* showed shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
stick stuck stuck
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake* woke woken
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
win won won
write wrote written

* regular form (+ -ed) also possible.

Print out a table of irregular verbs and place them around the house so that from time to time it comes across your eyes involuntarily causing them to repeat.

Make a two-sided little card for each irregular verb. On one side, write the verb form in Present, and on the reverse side in the Past and Past Participle. You can also write translation and transcription, as you prefer. Thus, you will receive not only mobile training material, but also remember a part of the verbs while you are preparing the cards.

Try not only to memorize forms of verbs, but also to build sentences with them. This contributes to better memorization and proper use.

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